Great expansion of sea breeze! New "declaration" of eight Baltic Sea countries: 6 times more offshore wind power capacity by 2030

By    1 Sep,2022

The Baltic states agreed Tuesday (30) to increase offshore wind power to nearly 20 gigawatts by 2030, seeking to break away from their energy dependence on Russia.

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The Baltic states, including Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden, held a Baltic Energy Summit on Tuesday (30) at the Danish Prime Minister's residence in Malimbourg and signed the Malimbourg Declaration.


The eight heads of state agreed at the meeting that the countries will strengthen energy security and cooperation in offshore wind power and plan to increase the installed capacity of offshore wind power in the Baltic Sea region from the current 2.8 GW to 19.6 GW by 2030.


Danish Prime Minister Mette Fraseriksen said in an interview, "We have agreed to increase offshore wind in the Baltic Sea by six times by 2030."


She added that 20 GW is "more than the current offshore wind power capacity of the entire European Union," enough to power 20 million homes.


In addition, the eight heads of state said in a statement that the Baltic Sea will have 93 GW of wind power capacity by 2050.


Accelerating the shift to reach the goal


The "Marienburg Declaration" also plans to lay a 470-kilometer cable from the Danish island of Bornholm to Germany in order to deliver electricity when needed.


On Monday (29), the Danish government said it plans to work with the German power grid to build a 9 billion euro offshore wind power center in the Baltic Sea to increase the wind power capacity of Bornholm Island from 2 to 3 gigawatts.

This follows a similar agreement announced in May by Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Belgium to increase wind power capacity in the North Sea 10-fold to 150 GW by 2050 to help the EU meet its renewable energy goals.


Europe, as well as being on the brink of an energy crisis, has seen a spike in energy prices since the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Frederiksen said, "We are on the front line of Europe's energy security."


European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen pointed out at this press conference that the conclusion of the declaration will accelerate the EU's energy transition and move away from energy dependence.


The European Commission had given detailed energy targets in March this year: it wants to reduce its dependence on Russian gas by two-thirds by the end of this year and get rid of it completely by 2030; to increase the share of renewable energy from 40 percent to 45 percent by 2030; and to reduce greenhouse gases by 55 percent by 2030 and reach carbon neutrality by 2050.


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